Pressure Oxidation Refractory Gold. Pressure oxidation of pyritearsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate 105 350 kpa 15 or increased very slowly test 3 165176c 1050 kpa 5 at higher tem perature and oxygen pressure the oxygen consumption was more rapid and reached a steady level in 5560 minutes test 9 i. More Details

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Refractory gold ores are those that do not yield high gold recoveries in conventional cyanide-leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. ... Much has been written about the suitability of particular pretreatment processes, such as pressure oxidation, bio oxidation and roasting, for specific ores bodies (1-4). More recent ...

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Pressure oxidation (POX), high pressure oxidation (HiPOX) and ACTIVOX autoclave leaching are viable industry-standard technologies used to recover gold and other accessory metals. The process is particularly well suited for treating refractory gold ores, which …

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Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores. The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid (and metal sulfates) and hematite. Depending on the conditions within the autoclave, acid containing iron compounds can be formed.

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Pressure Oxidation (POX) is a process used to extract gold, copper, zinc, molybdenum, and uranium from refractory ore bodies. The POX process utilizes elevated temperatures (roughly 230 degrees Celsius), elevated pressures (roughly 35 bar or 510 psi), and oxygen to liberate the minerals from refractory …

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Pressure oxidation (POX) leaching has been commercially applied to refractory gold ores since the 1980s. In the process, sulphide material is oxidized and dissolved in order to release the gold ...

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High pressure oxidation of refractory gold minerals. Outotec and sustainability Refractory ore treatment with pressure oxidation 1985 Refractory ore treatment Flotation oxidation of refractory minerals in angola. pressure oxidation mining sgs. gold extraction or."

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Autoclaves are a preferred component of the process for many large-scale sulfidic refractory bodies, including such processes as Au-Ag pressure oxidation; Cu-Ag-Au pressure oxidation; Ni-Co pressure leach; Ni-Co-Cu concentrate pressure oxidative leach; and TiO 2 HCL pressure leach.

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"Pressure oxidation was selected as the most feasible processing technology for double refractory ores. It is able to achieve gold recoveries of 96% by utilising high temperatures, elevated pressure and oxygen to recover encapsulated gold, while conventional cyanidation methods would result in sub-optimal recovery rates of 20-40%.

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Pressure oxidation (POX) remains a further option for the oxidation of refractory sulfides. Several projects have been recently constructed: the Killita Project in Finland, the Amursk Project in Russia, the Pueblo Viejo Project in the Dominican Republic, and the MOPU expansion at Lihir.

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Gold ores are considered refractory if gold extractions from a conventional cyanidation process are less than 80% even after fine grinding. 1) Arsenic-bearing refractory gold ore has stones extremely difficult to deal with. In the stones, gold is locked up in arsenic mineral matrix as the form of microscopic or submicroscopic lattice.

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Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate 105 350 kPa, 15%) or increased very slowly (test 3, 165°C, 1050 kPa, 5%). At higher tem-perature and oxygen pressure the oxygen consumption was more rapid and reached a steady level in 55–60 minutes (test 9 I, 195°C, 700 kPa, 10%). At highest temperature

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Feb 01, 1984· Pressure oxidation of gold containing concentrates and ores is an effective pretreatment for liberating refractory gold. This is particularly true when an appreciable portion of the gold is associated with sulfides and is not amenable to conventional cyanidation. A brief review of the literature on pressure oxidation of refractory gold materials is presented.

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Pressure Oxidation - Caldera Engineering. Pressure Oxidation (POX) is a process used to extract gold, copper, zinc, molybdenum, and uranium from refractory ore bodies. The POX process utilizes elevated temperatures (roughly 230 degrees Celsius), elevated pressures (roughly 35 bar or 510 psi), and oxygen to liberate the minerals from refractory …

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(2015). Pilot plant pressure oxidation of refractory gold-silver concentrate from Eldorado Gold Corporation's Certej Project in Romania. Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly: Vol. 54, …

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Pressure oxidation technology for the treatment of refractory gold concentrates has been deployed in some countries. Shuiyindong gold deposit is one of the Carlin-type deposits which is a typical difficult-to-treat gold deposit, located in Guizhou province in western China. It was the first application of acid pressure oxidation in China.

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their possible applications to treat refractory gold ores (5). These processes can be classified as pressure oxidation (6), biological oxidation (7), and chemical oxidation (8).

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Pressure oxidation of the refractory sulfide/carbonaceous ores has gained world-wide acceptance. Compared with roasting, pressure oxidation yields higher gold extractions from ores or concentrates and enables better handling of environmentally sensitive impurities. Normally, gold is extracted from neutralized autoclave leach residue by cyanidation.

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A process for recovering gold in which an ore slurry of refractory sulfidic and refractory carbonaceous ore having preg-robbing characteristics due to the presence of organic carbon is subjected to pressure oxidation in an autoclave. The oxidized ore slurry is mixed with a thiosulfate salt lixiviant, which mixture is maintained at a pH between 7 and 8.7 while the slurry is agitated in a ...

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Pressure oxidation technology was . developed more than 50 years ago for the treatment of base metal concentrates (mainly sphalerite), and was adapted in the 1980's for the treatment of gold-containing pyrite and arsenopyrite ores and concentrates. The conditions that have evolved for oxidation of refractory gold concentrates

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Autoclave pressure oxidation (POX) is an effective pre-treatment option when extracting gold from refractory ore bodies, such as pyrite and arsenopyrite. While gold processing plants are the most common utilizers of POX technology, the process can also be …

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The complex mineralogy of the Porgera resource has a pronounced effect on process selection for the recovery of refractory gold and silver. Intimate association of gold with pyrite necessitates a high degree of sulphur preoxidation to achieve acceptable levels of gold recovery. Acid pressure oxidation has been demonstrated to be the only commercially proven process capable of achieving the ...

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Treatment of Refractory Gold Ores Extractive Metallurgy Once the cause has been identified, there are a number of alternatives for treating the ore. Firstly, the gold can be made more amenable to cyanidation by ultra-fine milling, followed by a hot atmospheric leach –the Albion Process.

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processing refractory gold ores, especially development in the pretreatment of refractory gold minerals by nitric acid. These processes include the high-pressure and the atmospheric-pressure oxidation methods. High-pressure oxidation processes are difficult to …

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Pressure Oxidation is a process for extracting gold from refractory ore.. The most common refractory ores are pyrite and arsenopyrite, which are sulfide ores that trap the gold within them.Refractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepare such ores for conventional gold extraction processes such as cyanidation.

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ACID PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD MINERAL CARRIERS G.P. Demopoulos and V . G . Papangelakis Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering McGill U n i v e r s i t y, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2A7 ABSTRACT Acid pressure oxidation is c u r r e n t l y strongly advocated as the most e f f e c t i v e pre treatment method f o r r e f r a c t o r y gold ores and …

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As a result, the optimum conditions of the chlorination leaching for the refractory gold concentrate pretreated by pressure oxidation are as follows: 4 of pH, above 1.0 V of the redox potential, 75 g/L of the NaCl concentration, 40 °C of the reaction temperature, 3:1 …

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Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores. The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid (and metal sulfates) and hematite.

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