There are two main processes for producing iron ore pellets: The Grate-Kiln system and the straight grate system. In the straight grate system, a continuous parade of grate cars moves at the same speed though the drying, induration and cooling zones. Any change …

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Oct 07, 2011· A straight grate, with up to 50 burners, cannot match this level of energy recovery. Green pellets Grate castings Grate-Kiln Green pellets Fired pellets hearth layer Grate bars 127 – 230 mm Process Flexibility There are two main processes for producing iron ore pellets: The Grate-Kiln System and the straight grate system.

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Sep 30, 2012· Grate-Kiln Process: Iron ore: …

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Iron ore pellets can be made by two different processes, the Straight Grate process and the Grate Kiln process. The Grate kiln system consists of three machines; a traveling grate, a rotary kiln and an annular cooler which heats, hardens and cools the ore respectively.

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Two types of systems are usually used for induration of the iron-ore pellets: (a) straight-grate and (b) grate-kiln process. A hearth layer of fired pellets is used in the former to protect grate bars from excessive heating. Fresh pellets are charged onto a hearth layer of the fired ones.

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Whether using the straight grate process or adding a rotary kiln to make the grate-kiln process, our products are key to the process. To dry and heat the ore pellets, a number of fans are used to recycle heat from the kiln.

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Iron processing - Iron processing - Ores: Iron ores occur in igneous, metamorphic (transformed), or sedimentary rocks in a variety of geologic environments. Most are sedimentary, but many have been changed by weathering, and so their precise origin is difficult to determine. The most widely distributed iron-bearing minerals are oxides, and iron ores consist mainly of hematite (Fe2O3), which is ...

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Two industrial systems dominate the iron ore pelletising industry Outotec's travelling grate (accounting for over 2/3 global production) Grate-Kiln pelletising system Note: low capacity shaft furnaces have only regional relevance The Outotec travelling grate is unique Plant capacity available from 1.0 to 9.25 Mtpy in a single machine

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Process flexibility Pelletization process There are two main processes for producing iron ore pellets: The Grate-Kiln system and the straight grate system. In the straight grate system, a continuous parade of grate cars moves at the same speed though the drying, induration and cooling zones.

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Iron ore pellets are spheres of typically 6–16 mm (0.24–0.63 in) to be used as raw material for blast furnaces.They typically contain 64–72% Fe and various additional material adjusting the chemical composition and the metallurgic properties of the pellets. Typically limestone, dolomite and olivine is added and Bentonite is used as binder.. The process of pelletizing combines mixing of ...

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danieli straight grate iron ore pelletizing plant Iron ore pelletizing is the only supplier in the world that has both the Straight Grate and the Grate Kiln process for pelletizing We can help our customers to determine which process is the best for their ore, fuel and pellet requirements, straight grate iron ore pelletisation process diagram

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Iron ore pelletizing ball mill for iron ore fines details for pellet plant, Iron ore fines are agglomerated into pellets and then indurated using a furnace to create iron ore are is the only supplier of both Straight Grate and Grate Kiln pellet plants Both drums and discs ball the ore to about 16mm size.

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After feeding the pellets to the traveling grate, the unit operations of green ball drying, concentrate dehydration, partial calcination, and partial induration are performed on a traveling grate, whereupon heat transfer occurs in zones of the grate from the cross flow of process gas (hot air) repeatedly passed through the pellet bed in a modified countercurrent fashion.

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Oct 29, 2018· A Comparison of Pellet Quality from Straight-grate and Grate-kiln Furnaces. ... A clear distinction between the dustiness of grate-kiln and straight-grate fired pellets is established. We conclude that grate-kiln-cooler systems provide superior pellet quality, but at the cost of some pellet production rate. ... KEYWORDS: Iron ore pellets ...

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CFD analysis of an induration cooler on an iron ore grate-kiln pelletising process

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These two zones serve to increase the temperature of the pellets prior to the kiln, and here the main part of the oxidation to hematite takes place [9]. Oxidation of the pellets releases a large amount of heat – this is the main heat source in the process[5]. The heated pellet bed then enters the rotary kiln, shown schematically in Figure 2.2.

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So, it is necessary to grind the low-grade iron ores to finely ground iron ore concentrates and to produce iron ore pellets. Further, the pelletizing process can produce iron ore pellet not only for BF process but also for non-BF one (such as DRI process). In fact, there are three kinds of pelletizing process: the grate–kiln–cooler (GKC ...

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Fig 2 Flowsheet of straight travelling grate process. Grate kiln process. The grate kiln process was developed by former Allis Chalmer and the first plant on this technology was constructed in 1960. In the grate kiln process (Fig 3) the traveling grate is used to dry and preheat the pellets.

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Iron ore pelletizing systems. Iron ore fines are agglomerated into pellets and then indurated using a furnace to create iron ore pellets. These are typically fed to a blast furnace or DRI plant as part of the process to make steel. ... Features. is the only supplier in the world that has both the Straight Grate and the Grate Kiln process ...

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Drying and pre-heating increase the strength of the pellets. In the process, large amounts of energy are generated when the magnetite oxidised to form haematite, which reduces the energy requirement by 60 percent. As LKAB has two different types of pelletising plant – straight grate and grate-kiln plants – the drying process varies slightly.

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Jan 28, 2014· Iron ore concentrate pellets are traditionally hardened at high temperatures in horizontal grates and grate-kiln furnaces. However, heat induration requires tremendous quantities of energy to produce high-quality pellets, and is consequently expensive. Cold bonding is a low-temperature alternative to heat induration. Pellets can be cold bonded using lime, cement, sponge iron powder, …

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Iron ore green balls are soft and easy to break. So after the pelletizing and screening operations, iron ore pellets have to be hardened in a furnace through a firing process. Once fired, they can be handled, loaded in ships or trains and delivered to the end users.

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Grate Kiln process is unique process designed to evenly indurate pellets to increase its mechanical properties. This process employ a conventional 'Straight Grate' followed by a 'Rotary Kiln' designed to churn the pellets & thus increase even heating as well to avoid fragmentation in transportation.

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In the Grate-Kiln process the traveling grate is used to dry and preheat the pellets. Material moves on straight travelling grate till it attains the temperature of 800°C to 1000°C. Thereafter it is transferred to refractory lined rotary kiln for induration where the temperature is further raised up-to 1250 – 1300°C.

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–– Iron Ore Pelletization Iron Ore Pelletization ... Grate-Kiln iron ore pelletizing system Principles of operation ... • In this process, the wet pellets are dried, preheated, indurated, and cooled on a continuous moving grate without intermediate transfers.

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During the re-configuration of their grate-kiln induration system for the firing of iron ore pellets at the ... thermal flow analysis of the design options on the existing cooler in support of the process change. ... of gas flow through the cooler coupled with the heat transport and exchange with the cooling pellet bed.

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Jan 01, 2012· In Grate-Kiln process, green pellets are fed on oil or gas-fired endless Straight Grate machine where they are dried and preheated. The preheated pellets are then fed to a rotary kiln where their temperature is raised in oxidizing atmosphere to 1290–1400 °C. In induration, ore grains are sintered together with oxidation and slag-forming bonds.

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- Kobe Steel acquired the license of Grate-Kiln process in 1995 and our own brand " Pelletizing System" was born. Applicable to Various Kinds of Iron Ore and Variety of Fuels - Hematite, magnetite, limonite (LOI = 3.5~10%). - Gas, oil, cokes and thermal coal. 11 Grate-Kiln & Pelletizing system

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